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[China Daily]Zhangqiu Jiaojia Relics Listed in 2017 Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries in China
DateandTime: 2018-04-11 19:10:38

The Jiaojia relics in the Zhangqiu distract of Jinan, Shandong province, excavated by a group of experts led by Wang Fen from the archaeology and museum department of Shandong University, were listed among the top 10 archaeological discoveries in China of 2017 on April 10.

Covering an area of nearly 150,000 square meters, the relics revealed an extremely rich cultural heritage, including rammed earth walls, ditches, 215 tombs, 116 house sites as well as burial objects such as jade bracelets, pottery cups, white pottery and painted pottery.

Jade found in Jiaojia relics in Zhangqiu district of Jinan, East China's Shandong province. [Photo/WeChat account: wenbozhongguo]

A town site built in the middle stage of Dawenkou culture was discovered in the Jiaojia relics site, the earliest town site found in the region of Shandong and one of the earliest town sites in the Yellow River basin. Its unearthing filled in a gap in the study of residential patterns in the middle and late stage of Dawenkou culture.

The Jiaojia relics site, the most important one for Dawenkou culture with a higher standard and more comprehensive remains than the site of Dawenkou relics, is a connecting link between the preceding Xihe culture of the middle Neolithic Age and the following Longshan culture and Yueshi culture.

Distribution map of tombs in the Jiaojia relics site in Zhangqiu district of Jinan, East China's Shandong province. [Photo/WeChat account: wenbozhongguo]

In addition, the discovery of large-scale burial areas and evidence of tombs destruction among the Jiaojia relics, along with large abundant house sites, tombs, sacrificial pits, ash pits and a great amount of jade and pottery, reveals the great changes of society from the middle stage of Dawenkou culture to the late stage, and provides unprecedented information for studies on the transformation and complexity of prehistoric society in the lower Yellow River areas.

Sacrificial pottery pits at the Jiaojia relics site in Zhangqiu district of Jinan, East China's Shandong province. [Photo/WeChat account: wenbozhongguo]

Top 10 archaeological discoveries in China, 2017 (in chronological order)

1. Tongtiandong relics in Jeminay, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region-Paleolithic, up to 45,000 years ago

2. Jiaojia relics in Jinan, Shandong province-Dawenkou culture, about 5,000 years ago

3. Yangguanzhai relics in Xi'an, Shaanxi province-Yangshao culture, about 5,000 years ago

4. Yaoheyuan relics in Pengyang, Ningxia Hui autonomous region-Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century-771 BC)

5. Xinzheng ancient city relics of Han and Zheng states in Xinzheng, Henan province-Late Western Zhou Dynasty to Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC)

6. Yueyang city relics in Xi'an, Shaanxi province-Warring States Period (475-221 BC) to Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)

7. Eastern Han Dynasty emperors' tombs in Luoyang, Henan province-Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220)

8. Grand Shangqing Taoist Palace relics in Yingtan, Jiangxi province-Song (960-1279) to Ming (1368-1644) dynasties

9. Shrine relics on Changbai Mountain in Antu, Jilin province-Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)

10. Battlefield relics in Meishan, Sichuan province-Late Ming Dynasty

Distribution map of tombs in the Jiaojia relics site in Zhangqiu district of Jinan, East China's Shandong province. [Photo/WeChat account: wenbozhongguo]


Source: China Daily




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